What is the Difference Between Ketosis and Ketoacidosis?

When you’re on a ketogenic diet, your body will go into a state of ketosis, which is the metabolic state that occurs when your body uses ketones as its primary energy source instead of glucose.

During ketosis, your body breaks down fat to use as energy instead of using carbohydrates for energy (as normally happens when you eat food containing carbohydrates).

If you’re looking to burn fat, then ketosis can be a very good thing, since it’s forcing your body to burn fat as fuel, often the fat that you have stored in your body!

KETOACIDOSIS:

Ketoacidosis, on the other hand, is a very serious condition that typically occurs in type 1 diabetics (and very rarely in end-stage type 2 diabetics). In ketoacidosis, the body doesn’t get enough insulin, which causes the body to believe that it’s short on glucose – when in actuality, there’s a lot of glucose in the blood that just can’t get into the cells. Because of that, the body starts producing ketones, which results in very high blood ketone levels at the same time as very high blood sugar levels.

This is a highly dangerous situation, and patients with ketoacidosis may fall into dangerous comas.

Can I Lose Weight On A Ketogenic Diet? And Are There Other Benefits?

This is probably the question you care most about – can you lose weight on a ketogenic diet?

There are many reasons why a ketogenic diet could perhaps help you lose weight (and many of these reasons are similar to the reasons why low carb and Paleo diets work):

1. KETOSIS ALLOWS YOUR BODY TO BURN FAT

When your body is in ketosis (which occurs when you’re eating a ketogenic diet – but note that a low carb or Paleo diet could also be a ketogenic diet!), your body is primed to burn fat as your energy source (rather than glucose). While some of that fat will come from fat you eat (and you have to eat quite a bit of fat to get into ketosis), some of it will likely also come from your body’s fat stores. And burning your body’s fat stores is exactly what everyone looking to lose weight needs.

In particular, if you have what’s called “poor metabolic flexibility,” your body may not be very good at switching back and forth between burning carbs and burning fat for energy. If that’s the case, then the most common result is that you don’t burn much fat at all, you get cravings for sugar and carbs, and you have a hard time losing weight. A ketogenic diet is not the only or even a perfect answer to this problem, but it is a good answer. By eating a ketogenic diet, you force your body to burn fat, and you don’t switch back and forth, so your body stays in fat-burning mode all the time.

2. LESS HUNGER

I still remember when I used to count calories. I would be constantly hungry – my salads wouldn’t satiate me, and toast would just make me hungrier! I used to go to sleep hungry and upset that even with so much effort, I still managed to ingest at least 1600 calories.

What I didn’t know back then was that my diet was actually making me hungrier. What generally happens is that when we mix carbohydrates and fats in the same meal, we want more. It’s the reason that you could eat cake or cookies until you’re sick (they contain lots of sugar and butter), but you usually won’t do the same with steak (which is mostly protein with some fat).

Also, remember how I talked about “poor metabolic flexibility” above? Well, if you have poor metabolic flexibility, then eating carbohydrates is almost always going to make you hungry an hour or two after a meal.

So while you’re eating more calorie-dense fats on a ketogenic diet, most people find that they end up eating less overall (in terms of calories). And they’re less hungry (which usually also means they’re happier and less moody).

Generally, if you’re less hungry when you’re on a diet, you’re more likely to stick to that diet, and so the chances of losing weight is higher.

3. A KETOGENIC DIET MAY SOLVE OTHER HEALTH PROBLEMS

One aspect of losing weight that many people don’t talk about is that your existing health conditions may be making it really tough to lose weight.

That may well be why your friend or spouse can do a diet for a month and drop 20 pounds while you gain 5 pounds eating the same diet. It’s not that you’re doing anything wrong with the diet, and there may not even be anything wrong with that diet (for weight-loss purposes), but there may be some underlying health conditions with your body that’s making your body cling onto that extra weight.

A ketogenic diet may help certain health conditions (like type 2 diabetes, gut dysbiosis, sleep disorders, fatigue, etc.) that may make it easier for you to lose weight. There’s also research into using a ketogenic diet to cure/prevent cancer and brain disorders like Alzheimer’s.

Source : paleomagazine

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